September 1 2021
Tempranillo: everything you need to know about Spain's most famous wines
It must be made very clear from the beginning to avoid any doubts: Tempranillo is not a type of wine, but a grape variety. Even though many waiters in domestic restaurants persist in presenting it in this way: “Does the madam prefer a white, red or a tempranillo wine?”
Tempranillo, the wine from Rioja
The confusion certainly arises from the role played by the tempranillo grape as the flagship of Spanish wine growing in the world. Indeed, it plays a leading role in most of the internationally renowned red wines produced in this country, which are the famous Rioja wines. While it is true that Rioja is not the Spanish region with the largest area of vineyards used for this grape (it is surpassed by Castile-La Mancha and Castile and Leon) and that the tempranillo grape is not the only native red grape in the Rioja vineyards (there are also garnacha, mazuelo and graciano among other varieties, in smaller proportions), this grape largely determines the features that have made the great wines of Rioja renowned. Fine, elegant reds, with exuberant fruit aromas in their youth and a complex expression of leather, spices, and candied fruit over the years and as they mature.
Among all the virtues that Rioja tempranillo wines have, the most noble is probably their balance: the ability to combine acidity, tannins, alcohol, and power with great harmony.
The Tempranillo grape is the origin of Rioja and Ribera del Duero’s famous red wines, among other regions of this country: it can be found in 28 Denominations of Origin.
Tinto fino wine in Ribera del Duero
The tempranillo grape covers nearly 30,000 hectares of the vineyard surface in the three subzones of the Qualified Denomination of Origin (Rioja Oriental, Rioja Alta, and Rioja Alavesa). Tempranillo is an early ripening grape -as its name indicates-, which could indicate its remote Burgundian origin and probable kinship with the pinot noir.
Clearly, the cultivation of such a virtuous variety could not be limited to the Rioja vineyard. In Spain, many other wine regions also produce wine using this same grape. However, in some regions it is known by other names. This is the case in Valdepeñas, where it is called cencibel, and in different areas of Catalonia, where it is known as ull de llebre.
The same grape plays a leading role in Ribera del Duero, where it is known by two synonyms: tinta del país and tinto fino. In this region, which has a heritage of more than 2,000 hectares of old vines, the tempranillo displays many nuances depending on the diversity of terroirs included in the denomination of origin. Each of them can give a different expression through the different vineyards, which are differentiated by the composition of their soils, exposure, altitude and even the age of the vines.
Tempranillo in black and white
But there are still more tempranillo wines to be tasted. Given that it is the second most widespread vitis vinifera in the Spanish vineyard (followed by the white airén), its cultivation is distributed all over the country: it can be found in 28 Denominations of Origin and covers some 231,000 hectares of vineyards. Since 2000, Tempranillo vines have increased their presence in the national territory by more than 40%.
Indeed, there is even a white Tempranillo wine. This is a genetic mutation of the red grape which offers interesting white wines in Rioja.
However, in other areas, this variety has left the extensive "club": the tinta del Toro. Until recently it was considered a clonal variation of Tempranillo, with its own characteristics due to its adaptation to this unique Zamora vineyard. Currently it is considered an autochthonous variety of Toro, although it is closely related to Tempranillo.
Tempranillo is also widely disseminated in the international vineyard, as it is the fifth most grown grape variety in the world. Its vines are spread throughout Portugal, Argentina, Uruguay, Mexico, Australia, South Africa, and the United States, among other countries.
Tempranillo wines around the world
It should be noted that the interest for this grape is not limited solely to Spain. According to a recent report issued by the OIV (International Organization of Vine and Wine), tempranillo has managed to rank fifth in the international ranking of the most cultivated red varieties in the world.
Even though Spain covers 88% of the global production of this variety, there are also excellent tempranillo grapes in Portugal -where it is known as tinta roriz-, and it is also becoming increasingly popular in Argentina, where it is currently cultivated on more than 5,000 hectares. This grape is also used to make wines in Uruguay, Chile, Brazil, Mexico, California, Australia, and South Africa, among other countries.
Tempranillos to discover
In the wide offer of 15Bodegas there are many different and attractive Tempranillo wines to discover (and repeat), from Rioja, Ribera del Duero and following by the remainder of Spain's vineyards:
Impulso Crianza 2017, with the Mediterranean profile of Rioja Oriental; Ederra Reserva 2015, a traditional tempranillo from this emblematic region of Spanish wine; Viña Pomal Gran Reserva 2012, a great classic remaining committed to its origins for more than a century, only made in exceptional vintages in a very limited amount; La Vicalanda Reserva 2015, a selection red wine from the best vineyards that pioneered the style known as “high-expression wines”.
Ribera del Duero Tempranillos
The Legaris winery offers a comprehensive range of red wines made from this grape, which includes the classic aging categories –Legaris Roble 2019, Legaris Crianza 2018 and Legaris Reserva 2016– to singular Vinos de Pueblo («Village Wines») –Legaris Peñaranda de Duero 2017, Legaris Alcubilla de Avellaneda 2017, Legaris Moradillo de Roa 2017 and Legaris La Aguilera 2016–, which reflect the particular features of unique vineyards, as well as a modern signature wine, Páramos de Legaris 2017, and an exceptional cuvée: Legaris Calmo 2015. Furthermore, in the same denomination of origin, the Tionio winery offers two references with a traditional profile: Tionio Crianza 2017 and Tionio Reserva 2016, in addition to an organic red wine with a fresher and fruitier character, Austum Organic 2019.
Raimat Tempranillo Pirinenca Organic 2018, an organic red wine with a remarkable structure and great versatility, produced at the foot of the Pyrenees, with vineyards fed by meltwater from the mountains; Red Intramurs de Poblet 2018, a blend of Tempranillo and Syrah, is a young red wine produced in the monastery of Abadia de Poblet and genuinely shows the characteristics of Conca de Barberà's vineyards.
Red Nuviana 2018, associated with cabernet sauvignon, the tempranillo grape offers to this young red wine from the Cinca Valley an honest and fragrant expression.
And the most unusual Tempranillo
Viña Pomal Tempranillo Blanco Reserva 2015, an outstanding representative of this white variety that is being recovered in Rioja, but whose cultivation is still very limited.
Choose your Tempranillo from the best selection:
- Impulso Crianza 2017
- Ederra Reserva 2015
- Viña Pomal Gran Reserva 2012
- La Vicalanda Reserva 2015
- Legaris Roble 2019
- Legaris Crianza 2018
- Legaris Reserva 2016
- Legaris Peñaranda de Duero 2017
- Legaris Alcubilla de Avellaneda 2017
- Legaris Moradillo de Roa 2017
- Legaris La Aguilera 2016
- Páramos de Legaris 2017
- Legaris Calmo 2015
- Tionio Crianza 2017
- Tionio Reserva 2016
- Austum Organic 2019
- Raimat Tempranillo Pirinenca Organic 2018
- Red Intramurs de Poblet 2018
- Red Nuviana 2018
- Viña Pomal Tempranillo Blanco Reserva 2015